Best Of Seminar with Tina Søreide: Apply Now

Applications are now open for this summer’s IACA “Best Of” seminar featuring Tina Søreide, Professor of Law and Economics at the Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) and a member of IACA’s frequent visiting faculty. It will take place at the Academy’s Laxenburg/Vienna campus from 3 to 4 July.

“Best Of” seminars are aimed at professionals eager to improve the design, management, and sustainability of their anti-corruption efforts. Each one is delivered by a pre-eminent anti-corruption authority who shares the “best of” their work.

Over the two days, participants will discuss current and future anti-corruption trends with Prof. Søreide. Specific topics include why countries with similar integrity systems have different levels of corruption, the effectiveness of debarment in public procurement, the feasibility of preventing corruption through law enforcement and punishment, organizational vs. individual liability, reasons for disparity in anti-corruption strategies between the public and private sector, and the benefits, drawbacks, and regulation of corporate bribery settlements.

Tina Søreide gives master-level courses at the NHH on governance dysfunctions and corruption, and her research is focused on corruption, governance, markets, and development, currently with an emphasis on law enforcement. She has co-authored some works on anti-corruption with Susan Rose-Ackerman (Yale University). Read more about Prof. Søreide’s experience and expertise here.

In 2017, IACA’s “Best Of” seminar featured Drago Kos, Chair of the OECD Working Group on Bribery. Earlier editions were delivered by Johann Graf Lambsdorff (University of Passau), Luis Moreno Ocampo (former Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court), Michael Johnston (IACA and Colgate University), Robert Klitgaard (Claremont Graduate University), Bo Rothstein (Gothenburg University), and Susan Rose-Ackerman.

Participants will subsequently join IACA’s alumni network of anti-corruption and compliance professionals in 155 countries and jurisdictions.

Applications will be considered on a first come, first served basis. Some discounts on the tuition fee are available under IACA’s fee discount scheme, and IACA is offering a package deal for participants wishing to attend the “Best Of” seminar and IACA’s Alumni Reunion, read more here.

For more information about the programme and to register, click here.

Turkish Ambassador Presents Credentials

On 28 February H.E. Mr. Ahmet Muhtar Gün, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Turkey to the Office of the United Nations and other International Organizations in Vienna, presented his credentials to Mr. Martin Kreutner, Dean and Executive Secretary of IACA.

Turkey ratified the Agreement for the Establishment of IACA as an International Organization in September 2012.

Kuwait Pledges 100,000 USD to IACA

Kuwait has pledged a voluntary contribution of 100,000 USD to IACA’s general budget in 2018 to support the organization’s work in empowering anti-corruption and compliance professionals across the globe.

H.E. Mr. Sadiq M. Marafi, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the State of Kuwait to the International Organizations in Vienna, announced the pledge during a meeting in Vienna on Wednesday with Mr. Martin Kreutner, Dean and Executive Secretary.

Their discussions focused on ways of intensifying cooperation between IACA and Kuwait in preventing and fighting corruption. Kuwait became a Party to the Agreement for the Establishment of IACA as an International Organization (IACA Agreement) in 2015, and last December the IACA Regional Summer Academy – Middle East took place in Kuwait City, co-organized with the Kuwait Anti-Corruption Authority (Nazaha).

This new financial pledge will facilitate the implementation of IACA’s education, training, and capacity-building activities under its current Work Programme 2017 - 2020. Kuwait previously contributed the same amount to IACA’s general budget in 2017.

Voluntary contributions by Parties are mentioned as a core element of the Academy’s financing under Article XI.(1).a of the IACA Agreement. Click here for further details

Philippine Ambassador Presents Credentials

On 21 February H.E. Ambassador Maria Cleofe Rayos Natividad, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Republic of the Philippines to the United Nations and other International Organizations in Vienna, presented her credentials to Mr. Martin Kreutner, Dean and Executive Secretary of IACA.

The Republic of the Philippines ratified the Agreement for the Establishment of IACA as an International Organization in June 2011.

MACS 2017 - 2019 Class Back on Campus

IACA’s Master in Anti-Corruption Studies (MACS) class of 2017 - 2019 is back at our Laxenburg campus for the in-class part of Module II, which focuses on the sociology, criminology, and political science of corruption.

Lecturers for this module are Adam Graycar, Professor at the School of Social and Policy Studies at Flinders University, Australia, and a member of IACA’s frequent visiting faculty, and Michael Johnston, Distinguished Professor at IACA and the Charles A. Dana Professor of Political Science, Emeritus, at Colgate University, United States of America. The module also includes study visits to the Austrian Public Prosecutor's Office for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption and the Austrian Federal Bureau of Anti-Corruption.

Students in this fifth MACS class come from 18 countries and jurisdictions around the world. The diverse group includes experts in business management and journalism, prosecutors, investigators, government officials, officers of international organizations, auditors, and lawyers.

This year, IACA alumni have the opportunity to apply for a MACS Open Module in order to get a taste of our academic programmes, deepen their knowledge of a specific anti-corruption and compliance issue, and earn ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) credits. Three modules are open for application in 2018, the first of which is Module III on Corruption, Law, and International Initiatives (26 March to 17 June 2018, of which 30 April to 11 May on campus, deadline 5 March 2018). Read more about taking an Open Module here.

The MACS is a two-year, in-career programme consisting of seven modules and a master’s thesis and is specifically designed for working professionals.

Applications are now open for the next class starting in autumn 2018. Read more about the MACS here.

Delegation from Uzbekistan Visits IACA

Officials from Uzbekistan visited IACA on Thursday to discuss potential cooperation in the areas of anti-corruption and compliance, including the continued participation of Uzbek professionals in the Academy’s programmes and trainings.

The delegation, which was headed by Dr. Vladimir Norov, Director of the Institute for Strategic and Regional Studies under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and former Minister for Foreign Affairs, gave an overview of the country’s anti-corruption efforts in the framework of its overall reforms.

Mr. Martin Kreutner, Dean and Executive Secretary, briefed the delegation on current and upcoming activities at IACA, including the numerous programmes and trainings already scheduled for 2018.

Dr. Norov, who is also Deputy Secretary of the Security Council of Uzbekistan, was accompanied by Mr. Sherzod Asadov, Chargé d'affaires of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Austria and Permanent Representative to the International Organizations in Vienna.

Montenegrin Anti-Corruption Officials at IACA

Senior representatives of the Agency for Prevention of Corruption of Montenegro visited IACA on Tuesday to explore potential cooperation with the Academy, particularly in the area of programmes and trainings.

The discussions covered the possible participation by Montenegrin professionals in some of IACA’s academic degree programmesopen trainings, and tailor-made trainings.

The Montenegrin delegation, led by Ms. Goranka Vučinić, President of the Council of the Agency, also underlined the importance of the country’s anti-corruption efforts in the framework of its international commitments.

The visit was facilitated by the Embassy of the United States of America in Podgorica.

Montenegro has been a Party to the Agreement for the Establishment of IACA as an International Organization since 2013.

IACA Signs MoU with INTERPOL

IACA and INTERPOL today concluded a memorandum of understanding (MoU) that paves the way for the two organizations to cooperate more closely in the global fight against corruption.

Mr. Martin Kreutner, IACA’s Dean and Executive Secretary, signed the agreement with Mr. Jürgen Stock, Secretary General of INTERPOL, at the world police body’s headquarters in Lyon, France. The ceremony was followed by technical discussions between the IACA delegation and senior INTERPOL officials on future collaboration under the MoU.

This may include, among others, joint projects and activities in the areas of anti-corruption education, training, research, and capacity-building, as well as mutual support for each other’s missions.

Today’s signing marks a significant strengthening of relations between IACA and INTERPOL, which was one of the Academy’s initiating partners alongside the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF), and the Republic of Austria. Even prior to that, the initial idea of an international anti-corruption academy arose more than a decade ago out of INTERPOL’s International Group of Experts on Corruption.

Mr. Kreutner commented: "IACA is extremely pleased to conclude this agreement with INTERPOL, which will substantially reinforce our organization’s global network of partnerships. INTERPOL will always have an important place in IACA’s history, and this MoU lays the foundation for a successful future in which we work together to prevent and fight corruption across the globe.”

"Corruption undermines the rule of law, ethical values, and justice in addition to jeopardizing sustainable development and economic prosperity," Mr. Stock said.

"The agreement between INTERPOL and IACA is an important step in ensuring that law enforcement and other professionals have access to the tools and services they need in combating the scourge of corruption which affects every corner of the globe," he concluded.

INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries. The organization is engaged in the field of anti-corruption and asset tracing and recovery through the strengthening of national, regional, and international legal frameworks as well as through the implementation of numerous initiatives and networks specialized in the field of anti-corruption and financial crimes. The latter include the Global Focal Point Initiative on Asset Recovery jointly established by INTERPOL and the Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR).

Malaysian Ambassador Presents Credentials

On 7 February H.E. Ambassador Dato’ Ganeson Sivagurunathan, Permanent Representative of Malaysia to the International Organizations in Vienna, presented his credentials to Mr. Martin Kreutner, Dean and Executive Secretary of IACA.

Malaysia is a Founding Member of IACA, and ratified the Agreement for the Establishment of IACA as an International Organization in November 2011.

Malaysia continues its long-standing cooperation with IACA on a range of topics. In recent years, the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Academy hosted two off-site modules of IACA’s Master in Anti-Corruption Studies (MACS) programme in May 2014 and January 2016, respectively.

Russian Federation Ambassador Presents Credentials

On 7 February H.E. Ambassador Mikhail I. Ulyanov, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the International Organizations in Vienna, presented his credentials to Mr. Martin Kreutner, Dean and Executive Secretary of IACA.

The Russian Federation is a Founding Member of IACA, and a Party to the Agreement for the Establishment of IACA as an International Organization since March 2011.

As a long-standing Party, the Russian Federation continues to work with IACA in various ways. In 2016 and 2017, IACA developed and delivered two tailor-made training programmes for anti-corruption and compliance professionals from Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) Member States, an initiative generously co-sponsored by the Russian Federation. Plans are underway to hold the third in this series of trainings later in 2018, for which the details will be announced soon.

IACA and Pakistan Strengthen Cooperation

Pakistan has made a generous pledge of financial support to the IACA library, further underlining its strong ties with the organization in the areas of anti-corruption and compliance.

H.E. Ms. Ayesha Riyaz, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to IACA, conveyed the pledge during a meeting in Laxenburg on Thursday with Mr. Martin Kreutner, Dean and Executive Secretary.

IACA is very grateful for this valuable support, which will enable the organization to continue expanding its collection of books and other publications for use by students and staff.

Yesterday’s discussions also explored ways of fostering further cooperation between Pakistan and IACA, including through continued participation by Pakistani professionals in the organization’s programmes and trainings. In this regard Mr. Kreutner updated H.E. Ms. Riyaz on current and upcoming activities at IACA, including the many programmes already scheduled for 2018 (see the latest IACA News Bulletin for more details).

Pakistan acceded to the Agreement for the Establishment of IACA as an International Organization in 2012.

Police Corruption: A Conversation with Leslie Holmes

Leslie Holmes is Emeritus Professor of Political Science at the University of Melbourne in Australia, as well as a visiting lecturer and thesis supervisor in IACA’s Master in Anti-Corruption Studies (MACS) programme. He is an internationally renowned expert in areas including comparative and police corruption, organized crime, corporate misconduct, human trafficking, and post-communism.

Prof. Holmes has written several books on corruption and related issues, including, most recently, “An Advanced Introduction to Organised Crime” (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016) and “Corruption: A Very Short Introduction” (Oxford University Press, 2015). One of the volumes he edited, “Police Corruption: Essential Readings” (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014), focuses on police corruption and collusion across different countries.

In this interview with IACA Prof. Holmes talks about the problem of police corruption, ways of combating it, his research findings, and his classroom discussions with MACS students.

It might sound like an obvious question, but why is police corruption such a serious issue?

Leslie Holmes: There are several reasons. One is that, according to the Global Corruption Barometer, more people pay bribes to the police than to any other agents of the state. At the same time the police are supposed to be the group to whom citizens can turn if they feel other public officials are corrupt. So if people can’t trust the police to enforce the law, where do they go?

Another factor is that unlike other officers of the state, the police in many countries are armed and can threaten businesses in particular. In addition, organized crime gangs often find that former police officers are good targets as potential new members. Ex-officers know how the police are working to fight organized crime, they often have access to arms, and they’ve often been desensitized to violence and killing.

The final problem is that the police are involved with a lot of serious issues. Trafficking of drugs and humans often involves police collusion, for example.

You’re currently doing a comparative study of police corruption in four countries: Bulgaria, Germany, the Russian Federation, and Singapore. What were some of the main differences you found?

LH: Well, the type and level of corruption in Germany and Singapore is rather different from that in Russia and Bulgaria. For instance, you don’t get nearly as much petty corruption in Germany as you do in Russia or Bulgaria, and nothing like the levels of traffic police corruption.

In Singapore, my research indicates strongly that police corruption is very much among individual officers, whereas in Russia and even to some extent in Germany it’s more systemic, at least at the level of police units — there have been some serious police corruption scandals in places like Leipzig, for instance.

Was there anything that really surprised you?

LH: Yes. One of the things that particularly stood out in my surveys was that many citizens and businesspeople across all four countries were relatively tolerant of noble cause corruption, where police officers break the rules not specifically for their personal benefit but because they believe they are doing something good for the benefit of society.

Another big surprise for me was the fact that German businesspeople considered “threats from organized crime” the number one reason for police corruption in their country.

What specific measures might be effective in combating police corruption?

LH: One of the factors I believe contributes to police corruption is the feeling that the state is not supporting them, in particular that the judiciary is letting criminals off scot-free or with extremely lenient punishments.

So I’ve suggested getting police officers and judges to sit down and talk to each other, which they don’t often do. Judges could explain why they have to — or why they think it’s more appropriate to — pass softer sentences, so the police might understand this. At the same time, judges could understand the police officers’ perspective, that they’re putting their lives on the line and then criminals are being let off scot-free. That’s a simple and almost cost-free solution that could be adopted by developing countries too.

There are lots of other solutions, such as unambiguous legislation, for instance. Moonlighting, or having a second job, is illegal for police officers in Singapore, whereas in my own country of Australia, certainly in my state, it’s allowed. It has to be approved. And wherever you get that sort of grey area that involves discretion by superior officers, then you’ve got the potential for corruption.

Have your discussions with MACS students here at IACA generated interesting observations for your own work?

LH: Certainly. For example, one student asked me whether it’s fair, when doing comparative work, to highlight the fact that corruption and bribery among police officers are much more common in developing countries than in developed ones. That made me articulate something that had only half-formed in my own mind: one of the reasons we get so little petty corruption in developed countries among traffic police, for instance, is that cameras and technology do many of the jobs that police officers in developing countries do in person when they stop people for a fine.

So police officers in developed countries are not necessarily much less corruptible. Rather, the opportunity for corrupt behaviour is simply not arising in the way it does in developing countries.

For more information about the MACS programme, please click here.

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